Archive For The “Foreign Languages” Category
By Dace Prauliņš, Christopher Moseley
Colloquial Latvian is easy to exploit, thoroughly transparent and no previous wisdom of the language is needed. those CDs are recorded by means of local Latvian audio system and may play on any speakers. the cloth can be utilized by itself or to accompany the ebook, supporting you with pronunciation and listening talents.
By Philip Denwood
This can be the 3rd textual content in a sequence that goals to supply trustworthy and up to date descriptions of the grammatical constitution of various African and Oriental languages, in a sort available to the non-specialist. A ancient and geographical evaluation is accessible as an advent to the topic.
By Wesley Thiesen
This is often the 1st entire linguistic research of Bora, a typologically strange language spoken in Colombia and Peru, the results of 4 many years of labor one of the Bora humans. The language has an incredibly excessive variety of classifiers (over 300). those classifiers are utilized in a variety of how one can perform reference. through those classifiers, apposition is the first mechanism for developing referring expressions, instead of the extra cross-linguistically universal mechanism of constituency. additionally they offer tight intersentential harmony in discourse. The animate/inanimate contrast is pervasive, manifesting itself within the morphology, syntax, and lexicon. This quantity additionally encompasses a thorough research of Bora grammatical and lexical tone, which has a posh method of sandhi with default tone being excessive, not like the vast majority of tonal languages. The ethnographic comic strip comprises dialogue of the original Bora sign drums. This learn can be of curiosity to all concerned about typological matters, South American languages and peoples, or tone reviews. Wesley Thiesen obtained his B.A. in Anthropology from Wheaton collage in 1948. He and his spouse Eva labored for SIL one of the Bora-speaking humans from 1952 to retirement in 1998, residing a lot of that point in a Bora village. David Weber acquired his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the collage of California, l. a. in 1983. He and his spouse Diana have labored with SIL due to the fact that 1969. From 1972 to 2002 their efforts interested by the Huallaga Quechua language. He at present serves as an SIL linguistic advisor. The book's hide depicts a basket hand made through the Bora humans.
By Joan Russell
This can be a whole path in Swahili for newbies, assuming no past wisdom of the language. it really is in keeping with the Council of Europe's directions on language studying, and the emphasis is on communique talents. The graded constitution of the path contains a lot workout fabric, and the cassette, of which this pack kinds a component, is usually bought individually.
By Julie Anne Legate
In Voice and v, Julie Anne Legate investigates the syntactic constitution of voice, utilizing Acehnese because the empirical place to begin. A significant declare is that voice is encoded in a useful projection, VoiceP, that is certain from, and better than, vice chairman. Legate extra claims that VoiceP can be linked to phi-features that semantically limit the exterior argument place yet don't saturate it. via minor adaptations within the houses of VoiceP, Legate explains a variety of non-canonical voice buildings, together with: agent-agreeing passives, grammatical item passives, impersonals, item voice structures, and applicative voice in causatives. Her research attracts on facts from a typologically diversified set of languages, not just Malayo-Polynesian, but in addition Celtic, Scandinavian, and Slavic.
Voice and v presents a close research into the syntactic constitution of an understudied Malayo-Polynesian language, and thereby finds vital insights for the theoretical research of voice and the verb word. in addition, the paintings applies and broadens those insights to quite a number similar passive-like buildings crosslinguistically. Voice and v hence joins a handful of version volumes that enlist typological intensity and breadth to extra our improvement of recent linguistic thought.
By Jürgen Leonhardt
"The mom tongue of the Roman Empire and the lingua franca of the West for hundreds of years after Rome's fall, Latin survives this present day essentially in school rooms and texts. but this "dead language" is exclusive within the effect it has exerted throughout centuries and continents. Jürgen Leonhardt has written an entire background of Latin from antiquity to the current, uncovering how this as soon as parochial dialect constructed right into a automobile of worldwide verbal exchange that remained very important lengthy after its spoken shape was once supplanted by means of smooth languages. Latin originated within the Italian area of Latium, round Rome, and have become common as that city's imperial could grew. through the 1st century BCE, Latin was once already transitioning from a residing vernacular, as writers and grammarians like Cicero and Varro fastened Latin's prestige as a "classical" language with a codified rhetoric and principles. As Romance languages spun off from their Latin origins following the empire's collapse--shedding instances and genders alongside the way--the historic language retained its foreign money as a global language in ways in which expected English and Spanish, however it ceased to adapt. Leonhardt charts the vicissitudes of Latin within the post-Roman global: its ninth-century revival less than Charlemagne and its flourishing between Renaissance writers who, greater than their medieval predecessors, have been attracted to questions of literary type and expression. finally, the increase of historicism within the eighteenth century grew to become Latin from a realistic tongue to a tutorial topic. however, of all of the lines left by means of the Romans, their language continues to be the main ubiquitous artifact of a as soon as peerless empire."
By Olga Spevak
Latin is a language with variable (so-called 'free') notice order. Constituent Order in Classical Latin Prose (Caesar, Cicero, and Sallust) provides the 1st systematic description of its constituent order from a realistic perspective. except normal features of Latin constituent order, it discusses the ordering of the verb and its arguments in declarative, interrogative, and primary sentences, in addition to the ordering inside noun words. It exhibits that the connection of a constituent with its surrounding context and the communicative purpose of the author are the main trustworthy predictors of the order of parts in a sentence or noun word. It differs from contemporary stories of Latin observe order in its scope, its theoretical process, and its realization to contextual details. The e-book is meant either for Latinists and for linguists operating within the fields of the Romance languages and language typology.
By Zygmunt Frajzyngier
Learning the grammaticalization of the complicated sentence, this article discusses such subject matters as: paratactic and sequential structures; capabilities of complementizers; enhances of verbs of claiming; embedded interrogatives; and enhances of volitional verbs.
By Joan Russell
It's effortless to coach your self Swahili!
Complete Swahili with Audio CDs: A train your self Guide will give you a transparent and finished method of Swahili, so that you can growth fast from the fundamentals to realizing, talking, and writing Swahili with self assurance.
Within all of the 24 thematic chapters, vital language constructions are brought via life-like dialogues. you will study grammar in a steady demeanour so that you will not be crushed by way of this difficult topic. routines accompany the texts and strengthen studying in listening, talking, examining, and writing. This software additionally gains present cultural info packing containers that mirror fresh alterations in society. The accompanying audio CDs contain audio exercises--performed by way of local speakers--that strengthen communicative skills.
- Lots of quick support with universal difficulties and quickly suggestions for achievement, in keeping with the author’s decades of expertise
- Tests within the e-book to maintain music of your development
By Hiroko Tanaka
This ebook explores the translation of grammar and turn-taking in jap talk-in-interaction from the viewpoint of dialog research. It can pay certain cognizance to the projectability styles of turns in eastern compared to English. via qualitative and quantitative equipment, it truly is proven that the postpositional grammatical constitution and the predicate-final orientation in jap usually lead to a comparatively not on time projectability of the potential element at which a present flip could develop into recognisably whole compared to English. sooner than such issues, projectability is usually restricted to the innovative anticipation of small increments of speak. although, members may be able to in achieving gentle speaker transitions with minimum hole or overlap by utilizing particular grammatical and prosodic units for marking attainable issues at which a transition could turn into appropriate.