By Professor James C. Hogan B.A. M.A. Ph.D.
James C. Hogan introduces every one play by way of highlighting particular and interpretive difficulties proper to that play sooner than turning to a line-by-line research. the road research is finished, starting from the meanings of phrases and words that pertain to numerous Greek rules and associations to metaphor and imagery particular to every play in addition to plots and borrowings from previous poetry, types, and characterizations.Along along with his exam of the seven extant performs of Sophocles in English translations, Hogan offers a common advent to the theatre in Sophocles’ time, discussing staging, the conventions of the Greek theatre, the textual content of the performs, and mythology and faith.
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Additional info for A commentary on the plays of Sophocles
The incense is for sacrifice (cf. 913). The hymns are called paeans, which are normally songs for victory; here and at 186 they are apparently songs to the god of healing (Paean, also spelled Paeon; he is the physician of the gods whose name is also an epithet for Apollo the healer). 8 Great means "famous" (as at 1207). Such a boast is characteristic of the Greek hero; cf. Odysseus' introduction of himself to the Phaeacians: I am Odysseus son of Laertes, known before all men for the study of crafty designs, and my fame goes up to heaven.
At least four of the extant plays (Oedipus the King, Electra, Philoctetes, Oedipus at Colonus) were produced after 430, and none seems much earlier than 450. Despite their production during the most active intellectual and artistic period of classical Athens, the plays do not reveal an obvious topical, historical engagement with the controversies of his day. Which is not to say that, for example, political issues are absent from Sophoclean theater, but rather that Sophocles preferred to frame dramatic conflict in contexts somewhat removed from the immediate issues of a war or election.
It is likely that Cadmus and Harmonia had only female descent in the original version and that Polydorus was invented to give legitimacy to the Labdacid dynasty. 71 The Pythian temple is Apollo's shrine at Delphi; it is named for the dragon (Pytho or Python) that Apollo killed there when he claimed the site for his own. " 73 One shift in dramatic focus moves from the city to the man. Save this city (35, 48, 51) provides the initial impulse for their supplication and the king's reaction, or action, since in sending Creon he has anticipated their need and request.
A commentary on the plays of Sophocles by Professor James C. Hogan B.A. M.A. Ph.D.